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2024 National Vintage Report reveals winegrape crush increase

The Australian winegrape crush increased year-on-year by 9 per cent in 2024 to an estimated 1.43 million tonnes according to the National Vintage Report 2024 released by Wine Australia.

The 2024 National Vintage Report was based on responses from 711 businesses and is estimated to account for 88 per cent of the total volume of the Australian winegrape crush in 2024.

Vintage 2024 follows a 23-year low crush in 2023 and, despite the growth, this year’s crush is still below the 10-year average of 1.73 million tonnes.

Wine Australia Manager, Market Insights, Peter Bailey said there had been a declining trend in the Australian winegrape crush over the past few years.

“This is the third vintage in the past five that has been below the 10-year average. As a result, we’ve seen the five-year average decrease by over 100,000 tonnes in the past two years,” said Bailey.

“However, the reduction in the crush doesn’t necessarily reflect a decrease in the underlying supply base. There is no indication that the vineyard area has declined significantly, so the potential for a large crop still exists without active management of yields.”

The overall year-on-year increase in the crush was 112,000 tonnes.

This was driven entirely by white winegrape varieties, which increased by 117,000 tonnes (19 per cent) to 722,000 tonnes.

Despite the 19 per cent increase, the white varieties crush was still 10 per cent below the 10-year average and the second smallest in 17 years.

The crush of red grapes declined by just under 5000 tonnes (1 per cent) to 705,000 tonnes, the smallest since the drought-affected 2007 vintage, and 40 per cent below its peak of 1.2 million tonnes in 2021.

The white winegrape share of the crush increased to 51 per cent – the first time since 2014 that the white crush has been higher than the red crush.

“Seasonal factors have contributed to 2024 being another small vintage. However, the significant further reduction in the red crush can be largely attributed to decisions made by grapegrowers and wine businesses to reduce production. These decisions are being driven by low grape prices, significant red wine stock overhangs and reduced global demand for wine,” said Bailey.

Chardonnay increased by 31 per cent to 333,000 tonnes, overtaking Shiraz to resume the title of largest variety by crush size that it last held in 2013.

Shiraz decreased by 14 per cent to 298,000 tonnes – its smallest crush since 2007.

South Australia accounted for the largest share of the national crush size (49 per cent) but decreased by 4 per cent and lost 6 percentage points of share to the other states.

All other states except Western Australia increased their crush compared with 2023, with Tasmania increasing by 42 per cent to a record estimated crush of 16,702 tonnes.

Value of the winegrape crush

The grape crush value of the 2024 vintage is estimated to be $1.01 billion, a 2 per cent increase over the previous year.

This was a result of the 9 per cent increase in the tonnage being offset by an overall decrease in the average value from $642 per tonne to $613 per tonne.

Mr Bailey noted that a better understanding of the underlying supply base was critical to enable growers and winemakers to make informed decisions regarding future grape production requirements.

“We welcome the recent announcement of the Grape and Wine Sector Long-term Viability Support Package from the Australian Government, which will support the development of a national vineyard register framework to help give the sector a clearer picture of the true supply nationally.”

The National Vintage report is available from www.wineaustralia.com/market-insights/national-vintage-report.

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