Greek style yoghurt has been one of the biggest success stories in dairy. Having initially caught on in the US, it soon spread to Europe, Latin America and now the Asian market. Chobani, one of the largest Greek style yoghurt brands, grew by US$1.8 billion in just seven years from the US market alone. For Chobani, 2011 was the turning point as the brand's sales doubled over the previous year and hit the billion dollar mark.
Yet since the "big Greek" consumers have continued to be bombarded with new variants as brands try to piggyback on Greek yoghurt's success. We've seen a plethora of new origin yoghurts claiming to be better than or different to Greek yoghurt, ranging from Australian creamier yoghurt in North America, to Icelandic yoghurt (Skyr) in Europe, to Bulgarian yoghurt in East Asia. The question remains whether consumers will be impressed with yet another origin yoghurt? Euromonitor assesses the potential of the latest launch of Bulgarian yoghurt in East Asia as well as where yoghurt should go next.
Bulgarian yoghurt success in Singapore and Thailand but is it enough?
Japanese dairy giant Meiji is attempting to differentiate itself in Asia by promoting its range of Bulgarian yoghurts. This has been supported by a US$3 million marketing campaign in Thailand, as well as strong media efforts in Singapore. As stated in the company's future growth strategy, its aim is to "open the plain yoghurt market through unrelenting marketing efforts", and it seems it has done so. However, is the return on investment enough to sustain growth?
Since its 2013 roll-out in Thailand, Meiji's sales have increased by US$17 million up to 2015 (according to Euromonitor's new provisional data) and it has overtaken leading player Dutch Mill Co Ltd in plain yoghurt as of 2014. While this may indeed have achieved Meiji's objective of "open[ing] the plain yoghurt market", it did so at considerable cost with its marketing efforts representing 20% of sales.
Drinking yoghurt preferred in East Asia
In most East Asian markets, drinking yoghurt is the preferred variant of yoghurt because of its lower unit price. As such higher-value origin-specific products such as Bulgarian yoghurt is not accessible to vast chunks of the population. While Meiji is banking on selling its range to the affluent middle classes in Southeast Asia, it is worth noting that this population in China, Singapore and Thailand represents under 25 per cent of the total population.
Ratio of Drinking Yoghurt vs Spoonable Yoghurt Across Key Markets 2014
Developed markets should prove more attractive
The US, New Zealand and Australia should make far better target markets as consumers can afford premium products such as Bulgarian yoghurt and prefer spoonable yoghurt over drinking yoghurt. These markets are also more likely to favour products boasting health credentials such as the ones that come with Bulgarian yoghurt (which supposedly contains the best strain of LB81 bacteria which Meiji connects to helping people live longer). New Bulgarian yoghurt brand, Trimona, recently launched in the US, has been promoting the fact that its whey is not strained from the yoghurt (unlike Greek yoghurt) so it retains important minerals such as calcium, potassium and magnesium.
Australian-style yoghurt has been another trend in the US with WhiteWave Foods introducing Yulu yoghurt and Advent International acquiring a majority interest in Noosa Finest Yoghurt at the end of 2014. With US per capita yoghurt consumption at 7kg, compared to Western Europe's 12kg, the US market still has considerable growth potential and targeting millennials will be key to success.
The future of yoghurt across the globe
While there might be a plethora of origin yoghurts currently out there, it is something that will continue to sell in developed markets over the short to medium term as it offers excitement to the category and foodies will continue to be intrigued trying something new. Yet in emerging markets, affordability will weigh heavier as a key criterion and drinking yoghurt will continue to set the scene should prices of the likes of Greek and Bulgarian yoghurts remain that much higher.
In markets where yoghurt is already at its peak and widely features in consumers' diets, origin-specific yoghurt might grow tired and convenience is likely to become a more critical success factor. The dairy industry here could take a lesson from Japan, which has seen a non-stick yoghurt lid, introduced by Meiji in partnership with Morinaga Group, enjoy commercial success. Instead of origin, the next big thing in Europe could instead be mess-free yoghurt.
For further insight, contact Lianne van den Bos, Food Analyst at Euromonitor International, at email@example.com